Assisted by pilot rods equipped with optical passage, steering head, and theodolite with CCD camera and monitor, open-guided boring can be carried out in displaceable ground. The pilot pipe is pushed through the ground towards the target shaft. The direction is monitored by the CCD camera throughout the whole process. The direction of the head is adjusted by rotating the pilot pipes to guide the steering head on the cross hair image on the guidance monitor.
Dependent on the length of the bore, torque problems may arise in wet or compacted cohesive soils. Bohrtec developed a double-walled pilot rod. The double pilot rod allows the internal rod to turn the steering head; whilst the outer steel sleeve takes all the ground friction.
The precision-guided bore made by the pilot pipe is then followed by the steel cased auger sections which enlarges the bore to the same size as the product pipes.
The product pipes are then jacked through whilst the casings are being retrieved in the reception pit.
Alternatively the product pipe can be jacked directly by using an extension kit. The soil is transported through the steel pipes to the reception shaft by reversing the rotation of the augers.
The guidance system consists of three components:
- A LED target in the pilot head
- A theodolite with a special camera
- A monitor mounted in the shaft adjacent to the operators position
The Theodolite - camera unit has a clear optical passage through the hollow centre of the pilot rods. A cross hair mark on the monitor represents the axis for the intended drive or bore. The illuminated LEDimage on the target corresponds to the steering head position. When a deviation from the desired bore axis appears on the monitor, the steering head is rotated to steer the steering head pilot back to the intended axis.
In all displaceable soils; with the water auger and double wall pilots, even under ground water
Up to 80m drive length
DN 150 - DN 450
Heavily compacted soils or medium to dense rock
Obstacles > 80 mm
Guided Auger System
for larger diameter pipes
For larger bores, the use of a steerable auger is recommended. The auger drill tool has a steerable lead section, which houses a LEDtarget. As with the pilot bore method, an optical passage through the auger sections allows the Theodolite CCD camera to monitor the deviation of the head from the intended bore axis.
At the end of the guided bore sequence, the product pipes, which have the same outer diameter as the casings - auger sections, will be pushed through. Larger product pipes may be used after the bore has been enlarged using an extension kit for product pipes of a larger diameter. The product pipes will push the extension kit ahead. The extension kit has a direct drive connected via hydraulic hoses, back through the product pipes to the hydraulic power pack at the launch shaft.
When pushing the product piping through, the augers are reversed and the soil removed during the reaming is conveyed to the target shaft where it would be collected and removed along with the casings (auger sections) which are pushed into the target shaft as the product pipes are added at the launch shaft.
In all cohesive, sandy and gravel type soils
- Up to 80m drive lengths
- DN 150 - DN 800
- Obstacles < 120 mm
For information on Jacking pipes follow this link: www.naylor.co.uk
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